Friday, 5 July 2013

Timeline of Indian History ......

Timeline of Indian History ......

•          2800 BC        Indus Valley Civilization begins in the northwestern region of India
•          2600 BC        Mohenjo-daro and Harappa phase of the Indus Valley Civilization begins, in Punjab and
                                  Sindh. Other cities like Lothal, Mehrgarh also emerged during this period.
•          1600 BC         India is invaded by the Aryans from the westGautam Budha
•          1400 BC        The Vedas, the Hindu scripture, was written
•          600 BC           The Upanishads written
•          599 BC           Mahavira, 24th Tirthankar of Jainism is born
•          563 BC           Gautam Buddha, founder of Buddhism is born in Lumbini
•          527 BC           Nirvana of Mahavira
•          492 BC           Bimbisara dies and is succeeded by Ajatashatru in Magadha Empire
•          483 BC           Death of Gautama Buddha in Kushinagar
•          326 BC           Alexander the Great moved into India, King Porus who ruled parts of the Punjab, fought
                                   Alexander at the Battle of the Hydaspes River.
•          321 BC           Chandragupta Maurya established Mauryan dynasty defeating Dhana Nanda
•          305 BC           Chandragupta Maurya defeats Seleucus Nicator of the Seleucid Empire.
•          300 BC           Chola dynasty establishes his kingdom over southern India with capital in Thanjavur
•          269 BC           Ashoka the Great, grandson of Chandragupta Maurya, becomes the emperor of India
•          261 BC           Kalinga War takes place between Magadha Empire and the kingdom of Kalinga.
•          232 BC           Death of King Ashoka
•          185 BC           The Mauryan Empire,  collapsed after its emperor Brihadrata was assassinated by his
                                   general Pusyamitra Sunga who then established the Sunga dynasty
•          50 AD             Establishment of the Kushan empire by Kujula Kadphises, first Buddhist stupa is
                                   constructed at Sanchi
•          300                 The Pallava dynasty is established in Kanchi
•          320                 The Gupta dynasty founded by Maharaja Sri Gupta, reunited northern India initiating
                                    the "golden Age" of India
•          335                 King Samudragupta ascends the Gupta throne and expands the empire.
•          380                 Chandragupta II, Samudragupta's son becomes the Gupta Emperor.
•          450                 Invasions by the Huna.
•          606                 Harshavardhana crowned Monarch.
•          712                 First Muslim, Md. Bin Qasim defeats Raja DahirGuru Nanak
•          1021              Mahmud Ghazni defeats Tarnochalpal and annexes Punjab
•          1206              Qutb ub-din Aybak establishes the Delhi Sultanate
•          1221              Genghis Khan invades Punjab
•          1236              Razia Sultana, only lady ruler of Delhi
•          1290             Jalal ud-Din Firuz establishes the Khilji sultanate at Delhi
•          1298              Marco Polo visits India
•          1336              Vijayanagara Empire established by Harihara I and his brother Bukka Raya I
•          1398              Timur conquered India resulting in the decline of the Delhi Sultanate
•          1469              Birth of Guru Nanak Dev
•          1497              Vasco de Gama's first voyage from Europe to India and back (to 1499)
•          1526              Babur established the Mughal Empire
•          1555              Mughal king Humayun comes to fight Sher Shah and regains India
•          1556              Humayun dies, and is succeeded by Akbar
•          1600             Queen Elizabeth I granted a charter to the East India Company established trading posts
                                  in Bombay, Calcutta, and Madras
•          1605              Akbar dies, and is succeeded by his son Jehangir.
•          1612              British arrives India
•          1632              Taj Mahal construction initiated by Mughal ruler Shah Jahan
•          1653              Shah Jahan completes Taj Mahal. Shah Jahan dies, and is succeeded by his son
                                   Aurangzeb.
•          1675              Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Guru of Sikhs is executed in Delhi. Guru Gobind Singh
                                   becomes tenth Guru of Sikhs.
•          1680              Shivaji dies at Raigad, Sambhaji became 2nd Chhatrapati of the Maratha Empire
•          1707              Death of Aurangzeb the Mughal emperor.
•          1757             In Battle of Plassey, Robert Clive, leads British forces which defeated the Mughal
                                  governor of Bengal Mir Jafar
•          1774             Warren Hastings appointed the first governor general of India by the East India
                                  Company
•          1775              First Anglo-Maratha War
•          1799              Death of Tipu Sultan
•          1853              Started Post Service
•          1853              First Railway established between Bombay and Thane
•          1857              Indian Mutiny Rebellion of 1857(10th May)
•          1857              Establishment of University of Mumbai, University of Madras and University of Calcutta 
                                  in India
•          1858             The British government ruled India, Lord Dalhousie becomes the Governor-General of
                                  India
•          1862             Death of Bahadur Shah Zafar
•          1869              "Arya Samaj" Established
•          1876              Queen Victoria was given the title Empress of India by the British Parliament
•          1885              Burma became an Indian province
•          1885              The Indian National Congress was formed (28th December)
•          1905              The British government divided Bengal into separate Hindu and Muslim sections
•          1909              Morley-Minto ReformsMahatma Gandhi
•          1914             World War 1
•          1915              Mahatma Gandhi returns back to India
•          1919              Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (13th April)
•          1920              Mahatma Gandhi became president of Indian National 
                                  Congress, Non-cooperation movement Khilafat Movement
•          1927              Simon Commission
•          1929              Central Assembly Bombed by Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt.
•          1930              Purna Swaraj resolution in Lahore, Salt Satyagraha started
•          1931              Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev Martyred (23rd  March)
•          1935              Government of India Act
•          1939              World War 2 began
•          1940              Muhammad Ali Jinnah demanded that a new country be formed from India for the
                                  Muslims, which would be called Pakistan
•          1942              Quit India Movement
•          1942              Indian National Army Established by Subhas Chandra Bose
•          1945              World War II ended when United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and
                                  Nagasaki (August)
•          1946              Royal Indian Navy Mutiny
•          1946              The British government agreed to grant India independence
•          1947             British and Indian leaders agreed to divide the country into India and Pakistan
•          1947              India became independent (15th August)
•          1948              Mahatma Gandhi assassinated Nathuram Godse (30th January)
•          1950              Constitution of India came into effect and Jawaharlal Nehru became the Indian first
                                   prime minister (26th January)

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