Saturday, 6 July 2013

United Nations ......

United Nations ...... 

Established                                                        24th October 1945 by 51 countries
Headquarter                                                      New York, United States
Official languages                                              Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
Total Membership                                            193 memberUnited Nations
Present Secretary General                               Ban Ki-moon
First Secretary General                                    Trygve Lie,   Norway
United Nations was established                      San Francisco City
Permanent Members in Security Council       Russia, USA, France, China and UK.
Logo designer of the United Nations             Donal McLaughlin
Newest Member in UN                                     South Sudan, 14th July 2011
Six Principal Organs                                          The General AssemblyUN Building
                                                                             The Security Council
                                                                            The Economic and Social Council
                                                                            The Secretariat
                                                                            The International Court of Justice
                                                                            The United Nations Trusteeship Council

Organizations and specialized agencies of the United Nations
                   Name                                                            Headquarters                                        Established
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)                    Rome, Italy                                                  1945
International Labour Organization (ILO)                      Geneva, Switzerland                                   1946  
International Maritime Organization (IMO)                  London, United Kingdom                           1948
World Food Programme (WFP)                                    Rome, Italy                                                   1963
World Health Organization (WHO)                               Geneva, Switzerland                                    1948
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)                Vienna, Austria                                             1957
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)            Geneva, Switzerland                                    1947
World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)                       Madrid, Spain                                                1974
Universal Postal Union (UPU)                                        Bern, Switzerland                                        1947  
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)         Montreal, Canada                                        1947
International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)   Rome, Italy                                          1977
International Monetary Fund (IMF)                             Washington, D.C., USA                                  1945 
World Bank (WB)                                                           Washington, D.C., USA                                  1945  
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)       Geneva, Switzerland                                    1974
World Meteorological Organization (WMO)                Geneva, Switzerland                                     1950  
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)   Vienna, Austria                           1967
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)     Paris, France         1946

The UN has 4 main purposes
•          To keep peace throughout the world
•          To develop friendly relations among nations
•          To help nations work together to improve the lives of poor people, to conquer hunger, disease and illiteracy, and to encourage respect for each other’s rights and freedoms
•          To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations to achieve these goals

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